Patient Education by Southwest Virginia Nephrology Medicine, PC  


What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are small, hard mineral deposits that form inside your kidneys. Kidney stones are made of mineral, organic and pharmaceutical salts. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract — from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together.
Passing kidney stones can be quite painful, stones usually cause no permanent damage, but recurrent stone formation can lead to chronic kidney disease. Depending on your situation, you may need nothing more than to take pain medication and drink lots of water to pass a kidney stone. In other instances — for example, if stones become lodged in the urinary tract or cause complications — surgery may be needed.

What are the Symptoms Kidney Stones?

A kidney stone may not cause symptoms until it moves or passes into your ureter — the tube connecting the kidney and bladder. At that point, you may experience these signs and symptoms:

  • Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
  • Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
  • Pain on urination
  • Pink, red or brown urine
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Persistent need to urinate
  • Urinating more often than usual
  • Fever and chills if an infection is present
  • Urinating small amounts of urine

Pain caused by a kidney stone may change – for instance, shifting to a different location or increasing in intensity – as the stone moves through your urinary tract.

Do You have the Symptoms Kidney Stones?

If you have the signs and symptoms of kidney and need a Nephrologist, please call Southwest Virginia Nephrology Medicine in Roanoke, Virginia at (540) 904.5366 or complete the contact us form (click here). We provide specialized Nephrology services in in Blacksburg, Bristol, Buena Vista, Christiansburg, Covington, Galax, Lexington, Martinsville, Norton, Radford, Roanoke, Salem, Wythevill and surrounding areas in Virginia and West Virginia.